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Sadness and depression are two different things, though normally associated with each other.
One time, I was having a google meet session with Robert, a gifted 21-year-old pianist.
He lost a girlfriend. That was 2 years ago.
Since then, he had been in emotional agony and could not function normally in his daily life.
His mother had to bring him to therapy. He became a social hermit.
While speaking to him about his lost love, he shed tears and became somewhat out of control.
It was as if the loss happened only yesterday.
“Nothing matters anymore. I’m a mess,” he described himself.
In psychiatric diagnostic terms, Robert has been suffering from high-grade clinical depression.
Sadness is a normal emotion caused by a specific situation, person, or event.
It’s naturally experienced by everyone of us at any points of life. And then ... recovered after a reasonable period of time.
In depression, a person feels downtrodden even without immediate triggers.
A depressed person, especially the severe or chronic one, feels sad or hopeless about everything with a deep sense of worthlessness or helplessness.
Depression usually lingers on or takes more time than normal or mild sadness.
Psychotherapy, coupled by spirituality, is powerful medicine when the case is high-grade depression.